Crimes Against Kurds

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Crimes Against Kurds

Monday 17th October, 2022.

Protests following the death of Zhina Mahsa Amini continue and 43 international human rights groups, including Amnesty International, in a joint statement called on the United Nations Human Rights Council "to urgently hold a special session on Iran and establish an independent mechanism with investigative, reporting & accountability functions to address the most serious crimes under international law and other gross human rights violations committed in Iran, including in the context of successive waves of protest crackdowns."

Thursday 6th October, 2022.

According to Hengaw, during the past few days, at least 10 women’s rights activists named Soheila Mota'i, Sarina Hosseini, Delania Khani, Zahra Babamohammadi, Ziba Qelijkhani, Zila Hejbari, Sara Samavati, Pariya Ebadi, Masoumeh Rashidi, and Mahshid Khani have been arrested by the Iranian security forces.

Based on the statistics registered in the Statistics and Documents Center of the Hengaw Human Rights Organization, during the recent protests in various cities of Iranian Kurdistan, nearly 100 Kurdish women’s rights activists have been arrested by the Iranian security institutions, and so far the identity of 75 of them has been confirmed.

Wednesday 28th September, 2022.

Iranian forces have killed 19 and arrested more than 675 protestors across Kurdish cities, following the death of Zhina Mahsa Amini. Among these detainees, there are at least 180 injured civilians who were tortured under detention or were hit by bullets during protests. They have been denied the right to access medical services. Also detained are three Kurdish journalists and seventeen civil rights activists. Some of the protestors who were released recently told the Kurdish Human Rights Network that they had witnessed security officers “beating detainees with batons and threatening to rape some of them”. There is a severe disruption to internet connections limiting current information of detainees.

Friday 16th September, 2022.

A 22-year-old Kurdish woman from Saqqez named Zhina Mahsa Amini died after being arrested by Iran’s morality police for improperly wearing her hijab in Tehran on September 13th. Amini fell into a coma during her arrest, and her family has accused Iranian authorities of torturing her after the morality police released an edited video of the incident.

A source close to the Amini family told Hengaw: "The security institutions have threatened the Amini family that if they talk to foreign media, they will be seriously dealt with."

Monday 5th September, 2022.

The Islamic Revolutionary Court in Orumiyeh, West Azerbaijan province, has sentenced an activist of the LGBTI and queer rights named Zahra Sedighi-Hamadani (Sareh) and another civilian named Elham Choubdar to the death penalty. The court charged them with "spreading corruption on earth" (fasad fil-arz) by allegedly "promoting homosexuality" and "forming corruption and prostitution gangs". The two prisoners were informed of the sentence in the women’s ward of Orumiyeh Central Prison on 1st September.

Saturday 3rd September, 2022.

30 Kurdish Kolbars and tradesmen were killed and wounded on the borders of Kurdistan in July. According to the Hengaw report, 7 Kolbars and tradesmen have lost their lives, and 23 Kolbars and tradesmen have been injured; 3 of them were teenagers.

Also during July, 43 citizens have been arrested on charges of political activities and cooperation with Kurdish parties, 3 citizens have been arrested on charges of religious activities, and 5 Kolbars and tradesmen have been arrested by security forces of the Islamic Republic of Iran.

Sunday 21st August, 2022.

A female prisoner identified as Sahar Moradi, 27, from Bukan, who was previously sentenced to death on charges of premeditated murder, is in danger of executing the death sentence. According to the report received by Hengaw Human Rights Organization, the officials of the women's ward of Urmia Central Prison recently informed Sahar Moradi that her death sentence will be executed on the prison grounds in the coming days. Sahar Moradi from Bukan was arrested six years ago on charges of premeditated murder and was sentenced to death by the judicial system.

Wednesday 3rd August, 2022.

At least 37 Kurdish Kolbars and tradesmen were killed and wounded on the borders of Kurdistan in July. Reportedly, 3 Kolbars and tradesmen have lost their lives, and 34 Kolbars and tradesmen have been injured. Also during July 2022, at least 56 Kurdish citizens were arrested by the Iranian government's security agencies on charges of political, civil, and trade union activities. According to the report, 51 citizens have been arrested on charges of political activities and cooperation with Kurdish parties, and 3 citizens have been arrested on charges of civil and trade union activities.

Sunday 31st July, 2022.

On the evening of Sunday, July 31, 2022, police forces shot at a private car of a citizen identified as Rahman Rashedimanesh on Khorram Abad road and at the Firozabad checkpoint and killed his two children, Metin Rashedimanesh, 9, and Mehdi Rashedimanesh, 12. According to the report received by Hengaw Human Rights Organization, this family was from the village of Qolqoleh, a district of Marivan. It should be noted that Rahman Rashedimanesh and his wife (Homa) were also arrested by the security forces and no information is available about their fate.

Tuesday 5th July, 2022.

In the first six months of 2022, at least 33 Kurdish prisoners were executed in Iranian prisons. During June 2022, at least 94 Kurdish citizens were arrested by the Iranian government's security agencies on charges of political, civil, and trade union activities. Also last month, at least 21 Kolbars and tradesmen were killed and wounded on the borders of Kurdistan. 57% of the cases have been killed by direct fire from the Iranian armed forces. According to the report, 2 Kolbars and tradesmen have lost their lives, and 19 Kolbars and tradesmen have been injured.

Wednesday 22nd June, 2022.

The fate of Hadi Rostami, a prisoner sentenced to amputation of four fingers, remains unknown after he was tortured by prison officers and taken to an unknown location on 12 June. "On Sunday, 12 June, several prison guards went to the type 1 ward of hall 9 in the Great Tehran Prison and severely beat Hadi Rostami. During this beating, Hadi Rostami’s nose broke and he was taken to an unknown location by officers", said an informed source in an interview with the Kurdistan Human Rights Network (KHRN). According to this source, unconfirmed news indicates that the prisoner was transferred to Rajai Shahr Prison in Karaj. But, as he has not been able to contact his family and friends since 12th June, no news has been received about his fate.

Friday 3rd June, 2022.

Last month, at least 22 Kolbars and tradesmen were killed and wounded on the borders of Kurdistan. 82% of the cases have been killed by direct fire from the Iranian armed forces. According to the report, 1 Kolbar has lost his life, and 21 Kolbars and tradesmen have been injured. Also during May 2022, at least 36 Kurdish citizens were arrested by the Iranian government's security agencies on charges of political, civil, and trade union activities.

Tuesday 24th May, 2022.

Some eight Kurdish civilians have been held for alleged "espionage for Mossad" by the Intelligence Organisation of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) in Orumiyeh since November 2021. The names of these civilians are Vafa Hanareh, Kamran Hanareh, Aran Omari, Ashkan Osmannezhad, Rahman Parhazou, Fakhreddin Dudkanlou, Hassan Omarpour, and Amir Moshtagh. Vafa Henareh is still being held in one of the security detention centres in Orumiyeh. Other civilians were transferred to Orumiyeh Central Prison on 11 March 2022 after their interrogation process ended. They are accused of security activities for Mossad, the national intelligence agency of Israel, taking confessions from a member of the IRGC, named Mansour Rasouli, and burning a car belonging to military officials.

Tuesday 3rd May, 2022.

During April 2022, at least 55 Kolbars and salesmen were killed and wounded on the borders of Kurdistan. 89% of the cases were victimized by direct fire from the Iranian Armed Forces. According to the report, 4 Kolbars lost their lives and 51 Kolbars and tradesmen were injured. During April 2022, at least 39 Kurdish citizens were arrested by the Iranian government's security agencies on charges of political and civil activities. According to a report, 30 citizens have been arrested on charges of political activities and cooperation with Kurdish parties, 8 citizens have been arrested on charges of participating in the Nowruz ceremony, and 1 citizen has been detained on charges of civic activities.

Tuesday 19th April, 2022.

The Iranian judiciary has sentenced 9 Kurdish citizens to 33 years in prison. According to a report, eight political activists were sentenced to thirty years in prison and one labour activist to three years in prison.

Five people convicted of prison were from Kurdistan Province (Sanandaj) and four from West Azerbaijan Province (Urmia).

Saturday 2nd April, 2022.

During, March 2022, at least 33 Kolbars and salesmen were killed and wounded on the borders of Kurdistan, 43% of whom have victimized by direct fire from the Iranian armed forces. According to a report, 2 Kolbars lost their lives and 31 Kolbers and tradesmen were injured. According to statistics recorded by the Statistics and Documentation Center of Hengaw Human Rights Organization, from March 2021 to March 2022, at least 35 Kurdish women activists were arrested by the security services of the Islamic Republic of Iran, and during this period, at least 12 women activists were arrested and sentenced to imprisonment by various branches of Judicial system, out of the total of 35 women activists who have arrested during this period, 2 of them were students, and 5 of them were below 18.

Wednesday 23rd March, 2022.

Iranian security forces have arrested dozens of Kurdish civilians and activists during and after the annual Newroz (also Nowruz in Persian) celebrations in Kurdistan in the past few weeks. The security agencies of the Islamic Republic of Iran have summoned and interrogated dozens and warned them against holding Newroz celebrations in public. The Intelligence Organisation of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC), the Ministry of Intelligence, and the Defence and Intelligence Organisation of the Law Enforcement Forces summoned many in Kamyaran, Marivan, Sanandaj, Saqqez, Bukan, Piranshahr, Rabat, Baneh, Oshnavieh, Orumiyeh, Khoy, Maku, and Salmas.

Thursday 3rd March, 2022.

At least 17 Kurdish Kolbars and tradesmen (Kasibkar) were killed and wounded on the borders of Kurdistan during February, 35.5% of the cases have victimized by direct fire from the Iranian Armed Forces. During last month, at least 31 Kurdish citizens were arrested by the security forces of the Islamic Republic of Iran on charges of political and civil activities, and three activists were sentenced to prison. According to a report, 25 citizens were arrested on charges of political activities and cooperation with Kurdish parties, 5 citizens were arrested on charges of civil activities, a businessman has been arrested too and at least three were women.

Sunday 20th February, 2022.

According to reports received by Hengaw Human Rights Organization, on February 14, 2022, the Ettelaat (IRGC intelligence agency) broke into the home of Kurdish political activist and former prisoner Loghman Azizi (who had already fled Iran) in Oshnaviyeh, Iranian Kurdistan, and threatened to arrest his wife Leyla Naliwani and their nine-year-old son Jiear Azizi. Neighbours of the family stood in the way of the arrest. The Ettelaat arrived in front of the family’s home with several full cars, entered without an arrest warrant and molested the political activist's wife and child.

Wednesday 2nd February, 2022.

During 2021, at least 48 Kurdish prisoners were sentenced to death by the Iranian judiciary and were executed in prisons in Iranian Kurdistan. Citing the registered statistics of Hengaw Human Rights Organization, at least 48 Kurdish prisoners were executed in Ilam, Loristan, Kermanshah, Sanandaj and West Azerbaijan provinces. A political activist was among the execution victims. In addition, one of the prisoners who were sentenced to death was still a minor at the time of the crime.

Wednesday 19th January, 2022.

Iranian police forces fired on a car in the province of Zanjan. During the armed attack, 8-year-old Mizgin Palangi, who was in the car with her family, was killed. Her 16-year-old sister Felek Palangi was also hit by a bullet and seriously injured. She is in medical care at a nearby hospital. The brother of the two girls and their mother were also in the car. According to an informed source, Iranian police forces fired on the Kurdish family's car for no apparent reason. The Kurdish family comes from the village of "Mala Hasan" in Mako, West Azerbaijan/Urmia province. They were on their way to Tehran to visit relatives.

Monday 3rd January, 2022.

In 2021, at least 215 Kolbars in the border regions of Iranian Kurdistan fell victim to the dangers associated with their work. Citing the registered statistics of Hengaw Human Rights Organization, at least 52 Kolbars were killed and 163 Kolbars were injured in the border regions of Iranian Kurdistan. 140 Kolbars, the majority, were injured or killed as a result of armed attacks by Iranian border guards, and in some cases by Turkish or Iraqi border guards. 34 more Kolbars were injured or died as a result of natural hazards such as heavy snowfall and cold or fallling into the depths on the unsecured mountain trails.

Monday 27th December, 2021.

Since the arrest of female Kurdish activist Kajal Nasri two weeks ago, no information has been released about her fate and whereabouts. According to a report received by Hengaw Human Rights Organization, despite the fact that two weeks have passed since the arrest of 26-year-old Kajal Nasri, a resident of Tangisar village in Sanandaj, Kurdistan province, no information is available about her fate and whereabouts. Kajal Nasri, a human rights activist living in the village of Tangisar in Sanandaj city was arrested by the intelligence service on Sunday, December 12, 2021, without presenting any warrants.

Wednesday 1st December, 2021.

In November 2021, at least 17 Kolbars fell victim to the dangers associated with their work. Citing the registered statistics of the human rights organization Hengaw, at least nine Kolbars were seriously injured in the border regions of Iranian Kurdistan by border guards of the Islamic Republic of Iran in armed attacks in November 2021. One of the Kolbars was killed. Furthermore, one Kolbar was seriously injured in the explosion of an anti-personnel mine and another Kolbar was tortured and injured by Iranian border guards. Six other reported cases were accidents due to natural hazards associated with the work of the Kolbars.

Wednesday 24th November, 2021.

A young Kurdish migrant from Salase Bawajani in Kermanshah province froze to death in the forests between Belarus and Poland. According to the reports received by Hengaw Organization for Human Rights, the victim is identified as Bakhtiyar Mousazadeh, 25, whose family was displaced to Iraq in 1979. The Mousazadeh family were residing at Altash Camp of Ramadi in Iraq since the beginning of the Iran-Iraq War. They later moved to the Kurdistan Region in 2005 to settle at Barika Camp near Sulaymaniyah. According to the statistics of Hengaw, at least 13 people from Iranian Kurdistan have lost their lives since March this year on their way to Europe.

Saturday 13th November, 2021.

Hengaw announced that at least 27 Kurdish civilians were detained across Kurdistan province in the past three days. The detentions were mainly carried out in the cities of Mariwan, Baneh and Saqez in Kurdistan province. Hengaw has been informed that all the detainees in Saqez, Baneh and Mariwan have been transferred to the Sanandaj Intelligence Detention Center, and no information is available on their fate. It is necessary to mention that the Iranian security forces resorted to violence and insulted them and their families during the detention. There is no information available regarding the reasons for their detention and the charges against them.

Tuesday 19th October, 2021.

Iranian security forces detained a pregnant Kurdish woman named So’da Khadirzadeh in north-western Piranshahr, West Azerbaijan province, on 14 October.They transferred Khadirzadeh to the detention centre of the Ministry of Intelligence in Orumiyeh, West Azerbaijan province. Khadirzadeh, who comes from Piranshahr, has been denied access to medical treatment and family visits. So far, the Kurdistan Human Rights Network (KHRN) has not received any information on why she was taken into custody.

Friday 1st October, 2021.

Iranian border guards chased a group of kolbars in the Nowsud border area in Kermanshah province on 27 September, causing kolbars Sarkawt Karami and Masoud (last name unknown) to fall from mountain heights. The two injured kolbars from Javanrud were transferred to medical centres in Paveh, Kermanshah province. In August, military forces of the Islamic Republic of Iran killed at least one kolbar. They also wounded 13 others in the western border areas of Kurdistan, Kermanshah and West Azerbaijan provinces. Two kolbars lost their lives in a road accident and nine more were injured due to falling from mountain heights.

Thursday 16th September, 2021.

The Ministry of Intelligence in Sanandaj, Kurdistan province, continues to hold Kurdish civilian Ebrahim Tari-Moradi in detention after 54 days. During this period, authorities have refused him the right to receive his medication, family visits, and have a lawyer. On 24 July, security forces arrested Tari-Moradi, from the Amrowleh village in Sanandaj, at his home in Sanandaj. Since his arrest, he has only been able to make a few brief phone calls to his family. The Kurdish civilian suffers from heart disease.

Thursday 2nd September, 2021.

According to statistics recorded by the Statistics and Documentation Center of Hengaw Human Rights Organization, during August 2021, at least 44 Kurdish citizens were arrested by the security services of the Iranian government on charges of political, civil, and religious activities. According to the report, 37 citizens were detained by security forces on charges of political activity and cooperation with Kurdish parties, and seven on charges of civil activity. Five female activists, three teenagers under the age of 18 and a lawyer were arrested last month.

Monday 23rd August, 2021.

The Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran, Javaid Rehman, has presented his fourth report to the United Nations. In his report, Mr Rehman raised concerns, among other issues, about the fairness of the recent elections held, excessive force used by security forces, arbitrary detention and arrests, freedom of speech, the situation of women and minorities, death sentences and fair trial issues, and forced confessions obtained under torture. The report also presented several cases of human rights violations carried out in the Kurdish region, including border forces killing and injuring Kurdish kolbars and the targeting of Kurdish activists.

Monday 2nd August, 2021.

At least 26 Kurdish Kolber and traders were killed and wounded on the borders of Kurdistan in July.

According to Hengaw Human Rights Organization, during July 2021, at least 51 Kurdish citizens were arrested by the Iranian government's security services, 35 citizens were detained by security forces on charges of political activity and cooperation with Kurdish parties, 2 on charges of religious activity, and 14 citizens on charges of participating in protests in Kermanshah over the electricity and water shortages.

Wednesday 21st July, 2021.

A Kurdish civilian named Rahman Ahmadian has lost his life in the detention centre of the Intelligence and Public Security Police (PAVA) in Orumiyeh. He was arrested on 12 July along with five other residents of the village, security police contacted his family on 18 July and said he had committed suicide. The family went to receive the body but It was handed over to the family only after they agreed not to talk about it to the media. The family did not accept the reason given by the security police and the initial certificate and requested an autopsy, now the Forensic medicine department has postponed the announcement of the final autopsy opinion for another two months.

Thursday 1st July, 2021.

According to statistics recorded by the Statistics and Data Documentation Center of Hengaw Human Rights Organization, during June 2021, at least 19 Kolbars and tradesmen were killed and wounded on the borders of Kurdistan.

29 Kurdish citizens were arrested by the Iranian security services on charges of political, civil, and religious activities. 26 citizens were arrested on charges of political activities and cooperation with Kurdish political parties, 2 on charges of civic activities, and one on charges of religious activities.

Wednesday 16th June, 2021.

A military convoy of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) forces have yesterday besieged and bombarded orchards in the areas near Sure Tu and Dezavan villages of Sarvabad, Kurdistan province. Reportedly, several people whose identities are currently unknown were killed as a result of these bombardments, and their bodies have been taken to the IRGC’s base in Sarvabad. According to the witness, a large part of the orchards and pastures that belong to the people caught fire as a result of the shelling, and the IRGC forces prevented the people from controlling the spread of the fire.

Tuesday 1st June, 2021.

During May, 4 Kolbars and tradesmen lost their lives and 13 others were injured. It is worth mentioning that one of the wounded Kolbars was shot directly by the Turkish Armed Forces.

Also last month 23 citizens were arrested by the security services on charges of political activities and cooperation with Kurdish political parties, 4 citizens on charges of labor activities, 5 citizens on charges of civil activities, and 3 citizens on charges of religious activities.

Tuesday 18th May, 2021.

Prisoner Amir Rezaei who lost his consciousness as a result of torture by Orumiyeh prison officers, died in the prison infirmary last night. Yesterday evening, as the quarantine ward's door opened, he tried to escape to Ward 2-1 due to the difficult quarantine conditions and was beaten by prison officers. Amir Rezaei was transferred to the central guard office of the prison and was beaten again with a baton by four prison officers, which led to the lose of his consciousness, he was transferred to the infirmary, where he died of "severe injuries".

Sunday 2nd May, 2021.

During April, at least 18 Kolbars and tradesmen were killed or wounded on the borders of Iranian Kurdistan, most of whom were shot by direct fire from the Iranian armed forces. It is worth mentioning that one of the Kolbars lost his life under torture by the Turkish Armed Forces.

Also during the past month, 28 Kurdish citizens have been arrested by security forces of the Islamic Republic of Iran on charges of political and civil activities.

Sunday 18th April, 2021.

After a member of the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps, Osman Haji Hosseini was killed in Piranshahr district of West Azerbaijan ( Urmia) province , Iranian security forces arrested a Kurdish woman "Galaleh Moradi", 47-year-old, and her two children "Matin Bazazi", 16 years old, and "Taher Bazazi", 21 years old. Golaleh Moradi was transferred to the women's ward of Urmia Central Prison after her arrest and is scheduled to be transferred to the detention center of the Urmia Intelligence Office in the coming days. There is no news about the fate of Matin Bazazi and Tahir Bazazi, who is also the son-in-law of Osman Haji Hosseini. The Zagros Eagles took responsibility for killing him.

Friday 2nd April, 2021.

15 Kurdish kolbars and Local tradesmen known as “ Kasibkar” were killed and wounded on the borders of Iranian Kurdistan in March 2021. 3 kolbars lost their lives and 12 were injured. It is worth mentioning that one of the kolbars who lost his life was beaten and tortured by the Turkish Armed Forces. Most of the victims were from the provinces of Kurdistan (Sanandaj) and Kermanshah, each with 6 cases and all the 3 casualties, were from West Azerbaijan (Urmia) province. A further 23 Kurdish citizens have been arrested by the security forces of the Islamic Republic of Iran over the past month on charges of political and civil activities.

Wednesday 31st March, 2021.

The number of Kurdish citizens arrested for participating in Newroz celebrations increases in Baneh. With the identification of another destined citizen in Baneh district of Kurdistan province, the number of detainees in this city has reached 5, and it is likely to increase. The identities of these five detainees are as follows; Hawgin Ghaderi, 30-year-old, Parviz Ghaderi, 26-year-old, Rebwar Ghaderi, 34-year-old, Behrooz Ghaderi, 30-year-old and Jalil Khodaei, 24-year-old.

Saturday 13th March, 2021.

13 Kurdish citizens from Marivan sentenced to prison and flogging for participating in protests against Turkish military attacks on Syrian Kurdistan (Rojava). 13 citizens from Marivan sentenced to 6 months inprisonment and 30 lashes are identified as: Fouad Yousefi, Afshin Rahmani, Kamal Kohnehpoushi, Seyed Omid Sajjadi, Shahab Zamani, Mobin Naderi, Tariq Rostami, Diako Taba, Hemmat Karimi, Seyed Omid Haghparast, Ali Yaghoubi and Mohammad Naderi.

Monday 1st March, 2021.

At least 16 Kurdish kolbars and Local tradesmen known as “ Kasibkar” were killed and injured on the borders of Iranian Kurdistan during February 2021. According to the Hengaw Human Rights Organization report, 7 kolbars and tradesmen lost their lives and 6 were injured. The highest number of victims was in Kurdistan Province (Sanandaj), where 6 kolbars were killed and injured. A further 22 Kurdish citizens were arrested by the security forces of the Islamic Republic of Iran on charges of political, civil and ideological activities.

Friday 26th February, 2021.

Iranian Intelligence Office in Piranshahr handed over the corpses of 2 Kurdish brothers, Abdullah Naderi, 36, and Osman Naderi, 26, who were driving a civilian car when killed by Iranian security forces on Shinabad - Zidan road, to their families yesterday. Their graves were filled with concrete by the Iranian Islamic Revolutionary Guards immediately after their burial.

Saturday 6th February, 2021.

At least 115 Kurdish citizens have been detained by Iranian security forces in the past month on charges of political, civil and ideological activities, with an average of 4 arrests per day, an unprecedented figure in recent years. According to the report, 102 citizens weredetained on charges of political activity and cooperation with Kurdish political parties, 9 citizens on charges of civil activities and 4 citizens on charges of ideological and religious activities. At least 9 women, 4 university students, 2 teachers and 3 media activists were among those detained.

Monday 1st February, 2021.

According to statistics recorded by Statistics and Documentation Data Center of Hengaw Human Rights Organization, at least 15 kolbars and local Kurdish tradesmen (Kasibkars) were killed and wounded in borders areas of Iranian Kurdistan during January 2021, 47% of whom were killed and wounded by direct fire from the Iranian Armed Forces. According to this report, 7 kolbars and tradesmen lost their lives and 8 were wounded, 2 of them who lost their lives were under 18 years old.

Sunday 24th January, 2021.

A Kurdish political asylum seeker with the identity of Saleh Namani was arrested by Swiss police and transferred to an unknown location for deportation to Iran. Saleh Namani is from Piranshahr and left Iranian Kurdistan about 6 years ago due to pressure from Iranian intelligence and went to Switzerland as a refugee. Saleh Namani is a member of the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) and h asylum application was declined twice in the last six years. According to the asylum laws, he must be deported to his country of origin.

Thursday 21st January, 2021.

A group of kolbars from the village of Kuran in the border heights near the village of Drishk in Turkish Kurdistan encountered an avalanche on their way and so far there is no information over the fate of 5 of them named Euphrates Khodaei, Olayi Khodaei, Belen Ahmadi, Yavar Aslani and Matin Aslani. The source also reported the negligence of the Iranian government officials in the area to help the people to rescue the kolbars while the Turkish border guards were shooting towards the popular volunteers who had gone to rescue the kolbars from the avalanche.

Thursday 31st December, 2020.

According to statistics recorded by the Statistics and Documentation Data Center of Hengaw Human Rights Organization, during 2020, at least 59 Kurdish citizens were executed and more than 500 were arrested, 153 of whom were tried and sentenced to death, imprisonment and flogging. During this period, 238 kolbars and local tradesmen , as well as 30 civilians were killed and injured, 40 civilians were killed and wounded by landmine.

Tuesday 21st December, 2020.

In an interview with the Kurdistan Human Rights Network (KHRN), a source familiar with Hossein Kamangar's case announced the issuance of a 15 billion Toman bail for his release. The heavy bail was issued by the Branch 1 of the Revolutionary Court of Sanandaj while this Kurdish activist was kept in prison with no decision about his case since being arrested on December 6, 2018.

Wednesday 1st December, 2020.

According to statistics recorded by the Statistics and Documentation Data Center of Hengaw Human Rights Organization, at least 20 kolbars and tradesmen were killed and wounded on the borders of Iranian Kurdistan during November 2020. 80% of whom were killed and wounded by direct shootings from the Iranian Armed Forces. According to this report, 6 kolbars and tradesmen lost their lives and 14 kolbars were injured, which have increased up to 25% compared to last month.

Monday 16th November, 2020.

As the anniversary of November 2019 uprising in Iran, many streets in Kermanshah have witnessed a large presence of military and security forces. An informed source from Kermanshah also told the Kurdistan Human Rights Network that he witnessed the arrest of a number of civilians in Azadi Square (Terminal) in Kermanshah.

Thursday 5th November, 2020.

Based on the registered statistics of Hengaw Organization for Human Rights, during October 2020 at least the executions of 7 citizens have been carried out in the prisons of Sanandaj, Kurdistan Province, Aligoudarz, Lorestan Province, and Urmia, West Azerbaijan Province.

At least 37 Kurdish citizens were arrested by security forces of the Islamic Republic of Iran due to political, civil and ideological activities. Four of the arrested citizens were women and one of them was under 18 years of age.

Monday 2nd November, 2020.

During October 2020, at least 15 kolbars and tradesmen got killed or injured in the border regions of Kurdistan. 87% of these cases happened due to direct shots by Iranian and Turkish armed border guards. Four kolbars and tradesmen got killed and at least eleven kolbars got injured. Most of the victims are from Kurdistan and West Azerbaijan Province. During the past month 6 cases were reported in each province. One of these kolbars got killed and his brother got injured due to Turkish armed forces shooting them.

Thursday 22nd October, 2020.

A Kurdish border porter (known as a kolbar) named Omid Shams was killed during a shooting by Iranian border guards in the border areas of Chaldoran in West Azerbaijan Province. After transferring the body of this Kurdish civilian to Mako Forensic Medicine, his family had to pay two million tomans for the bullet used by the guard’s to kill him, for the release of his body.

Friday 2nd October, 2020.

According to the statistics gathered by Hengaw Human Rights Organization, during September 2020, at least 26 kolbars and tradesmen were killed or injured in Kurdistan border regions, 81 percent of which happened due to being directly shot at by Iranian and Turkish armed forces.

Thursday 1st October, 2020.

Based on the registered statistics of Hengaw Human Rights Organization, during September 2020, at least three Kurdish citizens were executed in Urmia, Boroujerd and Esfahan prisons.

At least 27 Kurdish citizens were arrested over political, civil and religious charges by Iranian security forces.

Friday 25th September, 2020.

On the evening of Tuesday, September 16th, special forces of the Ministry of Intelligence and the Hamzeh base of Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) targeted a vehicle with an RPG on the Mahabad-Sardasht road near the village of Chavargah, causing the vehicle to explode as a result of which all the four passengers of the car were killed. It is said that this car belonged to a civilian ‘Khezr Bayazidi' from the village of Barejo, one of the functions of the Khalifa of Mahabad county.

Wednesday 2nd September, 2020.

Based on the registered statistics of Hengaw Human Rights Organization, during August 2020, at least 31 kolbars and tradesmen got killed or injured in Kurdistan borders. 71 percent of these cases have occured due to Iran's armed forces shooting them directly. According to the statstic, 5 kolbars and tradesmen got killed and 26 kolbars were injured. Most of the victims are from the Kurdistan Province.

Tuesday 1st September, 2020.

During the past month at least four Kurdish citizens were executed by hanging in prisons of the Islamic Republic of Iran. Two out of four, were carried out in the Kurdistan Province. The other two executions were carried out in Lorestan and in Gilan Province.

Monday 10th August, 2020.

Kurdish civil rights activist Zahra Jamali was sent to Dieselabad Prison in Kermanshah to serve her nine-month sentence, a reliable source told the Kurdistan Human Rights Network (KHRN). The activist was summoned and interrogated by Kangavar Intelligence Office in March 2017 following the release of a video in opposition to the compulsory hijab.

Thursday 6th August, 2020.

Based on the registered statistics of Hengaw Human Rights Organization, at least 53 Kurdish citizens, including two women and three minors, were arrested in July 2020 for political, religious or civil law activism or for cooperation with Kurdish opposition parties.

Wednesday 5th August, 2020.

Based on the registered statistics of Hengaw Human Rights Organization, at least 20 cases were reported in July 2020 in which kolbars or traders were killed or injured during their work. In 80% of the cases, the kolbars were killed or injured by targeted shots of Iranian border guards. In some cases, Turkish border guards also shot at them. A total of six deaths were registered.

Thursday 30th July, 2020.

Kurdish civilian Shahnaz Sadeghifar has been sentenced to 15 years in prison by the Branch 2 of Orumiyeh Revolutionary Court, presided over by Judge Sheikhlou on July 21, 2020. She returned to Iran with her daughter Ainaz Zare Mehr from Kurdistan last year after receiving an “immunity letter” from the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC). However, she was charged with “acting against national security” through membership in the Kurdistan Freedom Party and sentenced to 15 years in prison.

Monday 5th July, 2020.

According to the registered statistics of Hengaw Human Rights Organization, in June 2020 at least 7 kolbars were shot dead by Iranian border guards in the mountainous border regions of Kurdistan (Iran-Iraq). 17 kolbars survived armed attacks with serious gunshot wounds. Furthermore, two cases were reported in which kolbars were injured in landmine explosions.

Thursday 2nd July, 2020.

at least 26 Kurdish citizens, including two women, were arrested in June 2020. Among other things, the prisoners are accused of political activities and connections to oppositional Kurdish parties.According to the registered data, 14 citizens were arrested for political activities and collaboration with Kurdish parties. Eight other captured citizens were involved in the labour activist movement and four citizens were arrested for civil activism.

Tuesday 16th June, 2020.

Shahram Safari, a journalist and director of the Rawejpress Telegram Channel, has been sentenced to 91 days in prison on charges of “spreading lies and disturbing public opinion” by publishing statistics on the number of civilians suffering from Covid-19 disease.

Tuesday 2nd June, 2020.

At least 36 Kurdish kolbars and merchant have been killed and wounded on the borders of Kurdistan in May. The number of kolbars killed in May is higher than the total number of kolbars killed in the past four months.

Monday 1st June, 2020.

At least 41 Kurdish citizens have been arrested in May, on charges of political, ideological and collaborative activities with the Kurdish opposition parties. Eleven Kurdish citizens have been sentenced to a total of 70 years in prison by Iran's courts, and one Kurdish citizen from Baneh has been sentenced to death.

Thursday 16th May, 2020.

Iran using shoot-to-kill policy on Kurdish kolbars Six kolbars killed and injured on the borders of Kurdistan.

Friday 1st May, 2020.

On the eve of International Workers’ Day, Sanandaj Intelligence Office and the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) telephone summoned a number of Kurdish labour activists in addition to threatening them not to attend any non-governmental event on this day. “For several days now, as in previous years, security agencies have made threatening calls to at least 10 labour activists.”

Wednesday 27th April, 2020.

Kurdish civil rights activist and former member of the Green Party of Kurdistan Akbar Goyli, has been sentenced by Revolutionary Court of Sanandaj to five years in prison on charges of “collaboration with the Kurdistan Free Life Party (PJAK).”

The trial of this activist was held on Apr 14 at Branch 1 of the Revolutionary Court, presided over by Judge Hossein Saeedi, and the verdict was announced on Thursday, Apr 23. He had previously been arrested by security forces in Sanandaj on August 20 last year and he was released on September 7, on a bail of 500 million tomans.

Tuesday 21st April, 2020.

The Islamic Republic of Iran executed a second Kurdish prisoner, Shayan Saeedpour, 21, in the central prison in Saqez, Kurdistan province, who escaped from prison in late March in connection with the coronavirus pandemic spreading in Iranian penitentiaries.

Shayan Saeedpour was sentenced to death for first degree murder and to 80 lashes for drinking alcohol. Iran’s regime alleged that he murdered Soleiman Azadi during an argument in 2015 when 17-years-old.

Saturday 11th April, 2020.

The execution sentence of Mostafa Salimi, 53, the Kurdish political prisoner was carried out in Saqqez central prison. He had been in detention for 17 years in Sanandaj and Saqqez prisons. Along with 70 prisoners he had escaped from Saqqez prison on March 27 in connection with the coronavirus pandemic.

Mostafa Salimi is from Ilou village of Saqqez, born in July 1967 and was arrested on April 6, 2003, in charge of attacking Iranshah barrack in Saqqez and killing a member of Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps.

Saturday 21st March, 2020.

Killing and Injury of 237 kolbars during 1398 solar year.

At least 237 kolbars of Kurdish civilians were killed or wounded on the borders and roads of Kurdistan during the last solar year, 8 of them were under 18 years old. According to this report, 66 were killed in the last year and 171 were wounded; more than 83% were killed or wounded by direct firing by armed forces.

Friday 14th February, 2020.

Currently, 11 Kurdish civilians and activists detained at the detention center run by the Ministry of Intelligence in the city of Sanandaj and the Women’s Correctional Centre are under pressure by security investigators to make forced confessions.

According to sources close to the family of some of the detainees who have been able to meet them briefly in recent days, Sanandaj Intelligence interrogators have completed their interrogation process but their release on bail has been subjected to forced confessions and co-operation with the intelligence interrogators.

Monday 20th January, 2020.

Extensive Presence of Security Forces at the Funeral of Ukrainian Plane Crash victims, Arvin Moratab and Aida Farzaneh in Behesht-e Mohammadi of Sanandaj in addition to the burial ceremonies of Rezgar Rahimi and his son Zhivan Rahimi in Saqqez.

“Despite pressure and threats from security agencies to cover the coffins with the flag of the Islamic Republic of Iran and bury their bodies in the martyrs’ section of Sanandaj cemetery, the families refused and buried them in Behesht-e Mohammadi in Sanandaj instead without using the flag of the Islamic Republic.“